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3.Veneer Cutting Method and Pattern       Download PDF
There are a number of different ways in which hardwood veneer may be cut from the log. Depending on the manner in which a log is cut, strikingly different visual effects can be achieved with the wood's grain and characteristics. This is the beauty of working with hardwood veneer - that two logs of the same species, cut in different ways, produce distinctive, individual veneers! Of the available veneer cutting methods, the most commonly used are rotary cutting and plain slicing.
Rotary Slicing Rotary sliced veneers are produced by placing a log on a lathe and slicing in line with the growth rings, much like unrolling a roll of paper. A very random and broad pattern is produced, which makes it difficult to match at veneer edges. For this reason, rotary slicing is rarely used.
Rotary Slicing
Rift Slicing Like quarter slicing, rift sliced veneers produce a straight line pattern across the face. However, rift slicing is done slightly off the radius lines, which reduces the fleck or figure that is produced by quarter slicing. Rift slicing is mostly done with oak; rarely with other species.
Rift Slicing
Plain Slicing Plain slicing is the most common method of cutting a log, where the slice is parallel to the center cut of a log. It produces a cathedral pattern at the center of the leaf and a straight pattern at the sides.
Plain Slicing
Quarter Slicing Quarter sliced veneers produce a straight line pattern across the face of the veneer. The density of lines varies across a log and among different species. Some hardwoods, including oak and sometimes maple, have a secondary pattern of flecks, which is referred to as "figure," which many designers find to be attractive. Quarter sliced veneers are more expensive than plain sliced.
Quarter Slicing